A Closer Look at Urinary Tract Infection Causes

Millions of men and women around the world are affected by urinary tract infections, also known as UTIs each year.  In fact, urinary tract infections are the 2nd most common type of bodily infection.  For reasons that are not really known, women seem to be much more susceptible to UTIs than men.  However, men do get them as well.   In this article we’ll discuss urinary tract infection causes and what you can do to treat them.  Let’s start by first examining the elements of the urinary system so that we can better understand exactly what a urinary tract infection is…Urinary Tract Infection Causes

The key elements of the urinary system are the kidneys which are a pair of organs located towards the lower-middle part of the back.  The main job of the kidneys is to remove excess liquid and waste from the blood stream.  The removal of this waste happens in the form of urine.  Other functions of the kidneys include keeping a steady balance of salts and to produce hormones that aid the formation of red blood cells.  The average person passes about 1 quart of urine each day depending on the amount of liquids they consume.

Urinary Tract Infection Causes – What is a Urinary Infection?

A human’s urinary tract system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.  A urinary tract infection is simply an infection that begins in the urinary system and any part of the system can become infected.  Most commonly however, the lower portion of the urinary tract which consists of the bladder and the urethra become infected.  Urinary tract infections are often very painful and can become very serious if it spreads to the kidneys.  The most common method of treating UTIs is with antibiotics.  The most common symptoms of urinary tract infections are the urge to pee frequently and a burning sensation in the area of the bladder or urethra during urination.

Urinary Tract Infection Causes Explained

Now that we know what UTIs are, let’s talk more about urinary tract infection causes.  It’s important to understand that the human body’s urinary system comes fully equipped to naturally ward off bacterial infection.  However, even with the natural safeguards infections still can occur.  A urinary tract infection is usually caused when very small bacterial organisms from the digestive tract stick to the opening of the urethra and multiply rapidly.  Most of the time the offending bacteria is called Escherichia coli or better known as E coli.  This bacterium normally resides solely in the colon area.  If left untreated, the infection can quickly spread to the kidneys.  A bacterial infection in the kidneys is referred to as pyelonephritis.   Sexual intercourse is another known urinary tract infection cause.

People who frequently suffer from UTIs know just how painful and annoying they can be.  They also know that it is very important to seek medical treatment right away.  Most urinary tract infections can be successfully treated with antibiotics.  However, the longer they are left untreated the more difficult they will be to get over and the risk of it spreading to the kidneys increases.